Blog

A beautiful neck contour is not just merely related with youthful look, but also with vitality and overall well being

Cosmetic Surgery Dubai | 6 May 2019

Performed as an isolated procedure or integrated within a facelift surgery, a neck lift will correct one of the earliest age-related concerns. A number of different techniques can be combined to suit each individual, allowing for a comprehensive recontouring and rejuvenation of the neck. A defined neckline gives an attractive and appealing appearance and conveys a sense of health, fitness and vitality. Changes to the neck and lower jawline are the most obvious and earliest signs of facial ageing and usually one of the main objectives for patients seeking facial rejuvenation. Some patients may present with hereditary problems of their neck contours and seek an early aesthetic improvement, which may not necessarily be related to ageing. A neck lift, also known as a platysmaplasty, can restore neck contours by modifying the underlying muscles (platysma), redraping skin, interrupting vertical neck bands and removing excess fat. Neck lifting can be performed as an isolated procedure or integrated with a facelift. In both cases it will provide a more youthful and defined appearance to the neck and jawline. Each patient will present with a different set of anatomical concerns, these generally fall into two main categories: (1) a heavy and full neck (often hereditary), or (2) a neck with age-related changes such as skin laxity, skin creases, jowls, vertical muscle bands (platysma bands) and accumulated sub-platysmal fat. In both cases there are several effective options for shaping and rejuvenation of the neck.

Isolated neck lift

The isolated neck lift is suitable for patients who want to treat their neck specifically and have no concerns with the face. This procedure is usually indicated for younger patients and men who generally do well with an isolated neck lift rather than a full facelift. The isolated neck lift is designed to reshape an undesirable neck appearance, often by reducing volume and achieving a sharper and more defined angle between the jaw and neck (cervicomental angle). This is achieved by reducing fat in the deeper layers of the neck and adjusting the platysma muscle position. Removal of superficial fat (liposuction) and/or the placement of a chin implant for further improved definition of the chin and jawline, may also be indicated. Access to and modification of the neck tissues are achieved by an earlobe-based incision (behind the ear) and if required, combined with a discreet incision in the crease below the chin (submental approach).

Integrated neck lift

The integrated neck lift is appropriate for a generalised rejuvenation of the face. A two-layer SMAS face-neck lift procedure will provide rejuvenation of the entire face from the corner of the eyes down to the collarbone, this includes the mid-face, cheeks, jawline and the neck. In the ageing neck, the aim is a restoration of a youthful and aesthetic contour by repositioning sagging tissues, tightening the neck muscle (platysma) and removing accumulated fat and loose skin. Access to and modification of the neck is achieved via the facelift incision located in front and behind the ear.

Techniques

Several components in the neck can be treated to achieve the desired results. The neck tissues consist of superficial fat, deep fat (sub-platysma fat), muscle (platysma), deeper neck muscles and the overlying skin. Because there are wide variations in neck anatomy among individuals, it is necessary to customise the surgery for each patient. During consultation, I will examine the neck, measure facial proportions and discuss individual requirements and goals, in order to formulate an effective treatment plan. Patients can generally determine in what anatomical plane their problems are located, by actively tightening their flat platysma muscle; if their concerns are mobile and located above the muscle (as a double chin), superficial adjustments may be sufficient to address their concerns. If undesirable full contours are located below the muscle, deeper adjustments are required.