Blog

PRP FOR ACNE SCARS

Cosmetic Clinic Dubai | 24 January 2020

Platelet rich plasma (PRP) treatment is a procedure for correcting a number of skin conditions, including acne scarring, by using the healing properties of a patient’s own blood. Also known as the ‘vampire facial’, PRP has become popular through its promotion by celebrity figures as a less-invasive alternative to laser and surgical treatments. It is most effective when combined with other skin rejuvenation treatments, such as micro-needling.

How does PRP acne scar treatment work?

In PRP treatment, we inject a concentrated solution of platelets taken from your blood, into the affected area of skin. Platelets are a natural component of blood, essential to the process of healing and growth of new skin tissue, particularly collagen and elastin. When your own platelet-rich blood is injected back into your skin, it stimulates this healing process and helps your skin to repair the damage caused by acne scarring.

What happens during treatment?

At the start of the PRP procedure, we draw a small amount of blood from your arm. The amount of blood drawn depends on the type of treatment you are having, and with acne scarring, the number of scars you are having treated. We then put the blood into a centrifuge, which separates the platelets from the white and red blood cells. This part of the process takes just a few minutes. Finally, we inject the platelet-rich serum into the areas of your face with the acne scarring. The whole procedure itself is relatively simple and quick, usually taking only about 30 minutes. There is no downtime associated with PRP, and you can carry on with your day immediately afterwards.

Are there any side effects?

Because the PRP injections use your own blood to naturally rejuvenate your skin, the risk of allergic reaction is almost non-existent.

While there is no downtime from the procedure, you may have some swelling and bruising at the site of the injection. We can apply a cool compress to the treated area immediately after the treatment to help minimise this. The needles we use are very fine and the injection itself should not cause you any pain.

How long do the results last?

The results of PRP treatment for acne scarring become evident in the 3 to 4 weeks following each session. Your body needs this time to heal itself naturally, as it generates new and healthy skin tissue and the scarring starts to fade.

Eyelid Surgery (Blepharoplasty or Eye Lift) for a Youthful Look

Blepharoplasty Dubai | 22 January 2020

Blepharoplasty comes from the Greek words blepheron, meaning eyelid, and plassein, meaning to form. It essentially refers to the reshaping of the eyelids and is used to describe plastic surgery to the eyelids. Upper eyelid blepharoplasty primarily involves removal of excess skin but this can be combined with a range of other procedures including refashioning of the upper eyelid skin crease or reshaping the upper eyelid fat. A thorough consultation with an experienced surgeon is therefore essential to determine which procedures best suit an individual’s eyes and concerns. 

Upper eyelid blepharoplasty does require a cut to be made along the length of the upper eyelid but this is well hidden in the skin crease making it almost invisible to most onlookers. Occasionally it may have to extend outward into a crow’s foot line.

The incisions in upper eyelid blepharoplasty can either be made with a blade or a cutting laser. There are advantages and disadvantages to both techniques and which is used is largely a question of the surgeon’s preference.

Various methods are used to close the wounds during upper eyelid blepharoplasty. Most commonly permanent sutures, such as nylon or prolene, are used to close the skin as these cause the least skin reaction. Sometimes, absorbable sutures, such as vicryl, are used for deeper stitching, and alternative substances, like tissue glue, can be used to close wounds. The choice of sutures does depend on the type of surgery you are having and your surgeon’s preference.   

Upper eyelid blepharoplasty can be performed under local anaesthetic only (with the patient completely awake and an injection into the eyelids); under local anaesthetic with sedation (the patient is awake but is given something to make them feel very relaxed); or sometimes under full general anesthetic with the patient asleep. Local anaesthetic of some sort is preferable to general anaesthetic as the recovery is faster and the patient is able to open and close their eyes, allowing a better assessment of the upper eyelid contour and skin fold. Surgery to both upper eyelids usually takes between 60-90 minutes depending on what is being done. The surgery is usually performed as a daycase operation.

Recovery from the procedure usually takes two weeks. During the first week both eyelids will appear swollen and bruised, and are likely to feel stiff and itchy. By the end of the first week when the sutures have come out, the eyelids feel much more comfortable and the swelling and bruising is greatly reduced. By the end of the second week most patients feel ready to face the world without sunglasses on.

Most patients are very happy with the results of upper eyelid blepharoplasty surgery. In general, the surgery lasts several years and does not need repeating. However, the eyelids and face do continue to age throughout a person’s life, and, depending on an individual’s aging process and their preferences, some people do chose to have additional upper eyelid blepharoplasty surgery later on in their life. This does not usually pose any problems if performed appropriately.

Benefits of upper eyelid blepharoplasty

Upper eyelid blepharoplasty is a very successful procedure with a high level of patient satisfaction. To quote William Shakespeare: “The eyes are the windows to your soul” and the facial feature that we pay most attention to. This is confirmed in modern society by the fact that the most popular cosmetic procedure is a blepharoplasty. Tattler Beauty and Cosmetic Surgery Guide recommended “ if you only have one anti-ageing operation, an eyelid lift is the one to choose”. Upper eyelid blepharoplasty is usually performed to increases the amount of upper eyelid visible (termed the upper eyelid “show”) and to get rid of hooding. This lightens the eyes and makes them appear bigger, which in turn makes the face look more refreshed, more open and more youthful.

      

LIP ENHANCEMENT WITH DERMAL FILLERS

Fillers in Dubai | 18 January 2020

Treatments that enhance the lips – increasing volume, and filling and smoothing lines around the mouth – have become more popular in recent years. This is mainly due to celebrity trends and patients being more educated and informed about the various treatments available.

Lip enhancement treatment uses dermal fillers to enhance and beautify the lips and perioral area (around the mouth).

What are dermal fillers?

Dermal fillers are an injectable substance in a hydro-gel that contains hyaluronic acid, a naturally occurring sugar within the body responsible for plump and hydrated skin. The filler is injected into the outside of the lip (the vermilion border) and into the body of the lips, to create a better shape and more voluminous ‘pout’.

Dr. Vigo focuses on a subtle and natural look. No one will know you have had treatment, but the change they will see is your smoother skin and rejuvenated lip area.

How do I know this treatment is right for me?

Before your treatment, Dr. Vigo will examine the areas of concern and go through a full medical consultation. Firstly, he will need to confirm that you are fit and well for the treatment. Secondly, he needs to ascertain which procedures would be most the beneficial for you. In the consultation he may agree that you only need one of the treatments, or that a combination will give you the best results.

How long does the treatment take?

Treatment with dermal fillers usually takes between 10 and 20 minutes. If you have a topical anaesthetic before the treatment, it may need up to 30 minutes to take effect.

Does it hurt?

Some dermal fillers contain an anaesthetic to make the treatment less painful. You may also have some topical anaesthetic before treatment, so should not feel any pain. As this is an injection treatment, you may feel a slight sensation as the needle or cannula is inserted, but this should not be painful. After the treatment, some people may also experience slight bruising.

How long does the treatment last?

With dermal fillers, the results can last between 6 and 12 months, depending on the individual patient and the product used.

THE PROBLEM OF STUBBORN FAT AND CELLULITE

Plastic Surgery Dubai | 16 January 2020

There’s no substitute for a healthy lifestyle of regular exercise and a well-balanced diet, especially if you’re trying to lose weight or keep in shape.

But despite all your best efforts, you may find you just can’t get rid of fat or cellulite quickly enough from some areas of your body.

Particular problem areas are under the arms or chin, around the neck or waist, and on the abdomen or thighs. Or bingo wings, love handles, beer bellies and muffin tops as they’re otherwise known!

And even if excess fat or cellulite isn’t a major problem, it may seem harder to keep up your youthful appearance, as ageing skin loses its elasticity and firmness and starts to sag.

Liposuction, commonly known as liposculpture, involves removing unwanted subcutaneous fat while simultaneously re-contouring to create a more aesthetically appealing body.

While not a treatment for obesity, liposuction- liposculpture selectively removes persistent and unwanted subcutaneous fat.

Bothersome fatty deposits are found in areas that are resistant to diet and exercise, such as the face, neck, breast, abdomen, upper arm, hips, thighs, knees, and ankles. Liposuction-liposculpture can be performed on multiple areas at one time – your surgeon will follow accepted guidelines regarding safe volumes which may be removed in one session.

While goals include size improvement, this procedure is not for weight loss. Final results may not be evident for 6 months following your procedure. During this time your body balances fluids and the skin and remodels underlying tissues. Final results also depend on proper nutrition, exercise and decreasing your caloric intake.

Small incisions are made in hair bearing areas or natural skin folds. A special tumescent solution is next placed within the fatty areas to be removed. This solution provides anesthesia to the areas, while limiting the usual blood loss. Fat is then carefully removed from the areas of concern to the patient using a surgical instrument called a cannula, which is attached with tubing to a suction machine.

The time for completion of the procedure depends upon the total amount of fatty tissue removed. At the end of the procedure, the skin openings may be sutured or left open to heal, depending on the size of the openings. The patient may be placed in a compression garment that is worn for certain amount of time afterwards.

While recovery is easy, you should expect some initial drainage along with swelling, bruising and discomfort. Your compression garment will minimize the swelling, bruising, discomfort and assist in the retraction of any loose skin.

While some results are noted immediately, your final shape and form will continue to improve as your swelling subsides. You will be encouraged to be up and about the night of your surgery and progressively increase your activities. Usually light work duties may be resumed within three to five days and vigorous exercise within two to four weeks.

 

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS OF AGEING SKIN?

Fillers in Dubai | 12 January 2020

Some of the signs of ageing skin include:

fine lines and wrinkles

skin laxity

age spots

hyperpigmentation

dark under eye circles

sun damage.

Treatments for ageing skin include:

anti-wrinkle injections

carboxytherapy

dermal fillers

hyperpigmentation laser treatment

laser resurfacing

Clinical facials

lip enhancement

medical-grade skincare

mesotherapy

micro-needling

Near Infrared skin tightening

PDO threads

Skin peels

Platelet Rich Plasma therapy

PlexR skin tightening

radiofrequency skin tightening.

If you are looking to get a glowing skin with few session, ask about the new signature treatments. Designed by Dr. Matteo Vigo and targeting different aspect of the skin, these procedures have been divided by age group in order to satisfy all the patients.

A combination of PRP, hyaluronic acid and different types of skin booster can transform your skin and let it regain its old appearance.

The treatments are performed after application of a numbing cream and are followed by a cold mask of collagen to hydrate the skin and at the same time reduce the redness due to the treatment.

Cheek Fillers – Get a Naturally Younger Look

Fillers in Dubai | 10 January 2020

Over time the face loses fat, causing the cheeks to become flat and saggy, giving way to a sunken-in look. Although some are born with naturally high cheekbones, achieving the look of sculpted cheeks can be accomplished through both non-surgical and surgical treatments that focus on restoring plumpness, volume and definition.

To restore volume to the midface and recreate youthful contours, we can use dermal fillers. Thick cross-linked hyaluronic acid injections can be placed directly above the cheekbones and moulded to define natural cheekbone structure. They can also lift areas lower down such as the nasolabial folds. Satisfaction among this procedure tends to be very high, and the fillers can last as long as 18 months.

The onset of ageing can be unkind. As we gradually lose so many vital components such as bone mass, tissue, fat, elastin, collagen and hyaluronic acid from our faces as we grow older, detrimental effects such as skin sagging, dehydration and loss of volume can occur. One of the key areas that can suffer with age is the cheeks and lower face. As the skin begins to sag, the face can change shape and jowls can appear. Where in your youth you may have had a heart shaped face, you may find that your face takes on more of a square appearance as the years go by and this is synonymous with ageing. The lines from the nose to the mouth can become deeper set and create an overall heavy appearance to the lower face.

Am I suitable for dermal fillers for the cheeks?

Before you undergo any non-surgical treatment, Dr. Vigo will ask you to attend a no obligation consultation to assess your unique concerns, expected results and to ensure you are medically and emotionally fit and well for treatment. He will then decide whether dermal fillers for the cheeks would be an appropriate treatment for you.

Do cheek fillers hurt?

As dermal fillers contain Lidocaine, you should not feel any pain during this treatment. If Dr. Vigo uses a cannula you may experience a little tugging and pulling which is completely normal. You may also feel a sensation of pressure as the product is injected in to the skin. These sensations can be a little strange but not uncomfortable. If you are extremely sensitive, Dr. Vigo may decide to inject an anaesthetic prior to the treatment so that you are completely comfortable.

What happens after my cheek filler treatment?

Following your dermal filler treatment, you may experience some light swelling and bruising which is normal and can be expected. Using some ice and avoiding caffeine, alcohol and hot baths, saunas or steam rooms can help to minimise any bruising and aid a faster recovery. You’ll be able to cover the area with medical or mineral makeup. As there is no general anaesthetic or sublimation (surface damage) of the skin with this treatment, you will be able to return to your daily activities immediately afterwards.

When will I see the results of dermal fillers for the cheek area?

Results can be seen both immediately and improve over time. As dermal fillers are contained in a gel matrix, this acts as a plumping cushion which supports the facial tissues and creates a lifting effect. As HA holds up to 1000 times its own weight in water it acts as a superb hydrator and you’ll experience an improved tone, texture and appearance to your skin in the weeks that follow.

How long will my results last?

As with any non-surgical treatment, everyone is unique and longevity of results depends on your individual response as well as your lifestyle choices. If you are an avid sun worshipper who does not protect your skin against UVA and UVB rays, an excessive gym goer or a smoker, your skin may not be as healthy as someone who uses SPF, obtains from over-exercising and doesn’t smoke. You can typically expect the results to last from 4 months to a year. Dr. Vigo will explain your expected results and length of results in your pre-treatment consultation.

The use of dermal fillers in the cheek area is one of the most popular ways to create an overall lifting effect to the lower face and is proving extremely popular for those wishing to improve their appearance without surgical intervention. Dr. Vigo is a leading authority on facial aesthetics and offers effective and long lasting results that you will love.

Breast Augmentation – What you Need to Know

Breast Augmentation Dubai | 9 January 2020

Undergoing breast augmentation surgery can be both thrilling and intimidating. Although the operation has many great benefits, many people are often unaware as to what exactly goes into getting the procedure. Typically, the surgery will encompass three phases: consultation, operation, and recovery. Each step of the process requires its own level of consideration. By taking the time to learn about each phase, you can ensure that you get the results you want. Before beginning the process, however, you have to decide if the procedure is for you.

Before setting up a consultation, patients should take the time to consider if the procedure is right for them. The process requires time, money, and enduring some physical discomfort. Since the procedure involves an initial investment, you should take the time to think about your desired outcome and what you would consider a good value for your money. Once you have a clear idea of what you want, you can then meet with a surgeon to get their opinion on how to best achieve these results.

The consultation – Although many patients have their first consultation with some idea of how they would like to appear after the operation, you can also ask surgeons for recommendations. A breast augmentation specialist will have performed many surgeries by the time you enter their clinic, so surgeons have a working knowledge of what people prefer when it comes to breast augmentation. Doctors can use computer-assisted visualization tools to determine the best size and implant type for your body.

During the consultation, the doctor will explain the entire process of the breast augmentation. Beyond size, you will have to choose the kind of implant material you would like. The two main choices are silicone or saline, which will determine firmness and shape. Depending on your choice, you will have to select a shape, which can be round or teardrop, among other choices. Depending on what you choose, the doctor will then recommend either to place the implant below or above the muscle.

The procedure – Breast augmentation is usually an outpatient procedure, though some can elect to stay overnight. The surgery will last between one and two hours, and you will likely receive general anesthesia. During the procedure, the surgeon will make cuts under the breast, under the arms, or around the nipples. After they insert the implants, the surgeon will close the incision with a suture.

Recovery – Although breast augmentation surgery once required a significant amount of recovery time, patients are often able to return to work shortly after the operation. To reduce swelling and pain, you should sleep upright, such as in a recliner, for the first 48 hours after the operation. You should expect to reduce any strenuous activity for two or three weeks after surgery, including limiting the amount of times you raise their hands above your head, which will help reduce swelling. This reduction in activity includes exercising and lifting heavy objects. Generally, after eight weeks, most people will be able to return to normal levels of activity.

Tips for healing – To make things easier on yourself after the operation, you should set aside clothes for the week and perform any necessary housework prior to the surgery. The week after the operation will be the most difficult, so you are encouraged to do the legwork beforehand so you can rest that week. Ice packs and loose-fitting clothing will go a long way in helping to alleviate discomfort from the breast augmentation surgery. Lastly, drink lots of water to stay hydrated during the process.

Make sure that you are well informed about all the aspects of breast augmentation before making the final decision to undergo the procedure. If you’re confident that you can handle each step of the procedure, you’re much more likely to have an easy recovery and be thrilled with your final results. 

How does Botox Work for Wrinkles?

Cosmetic Clinic Dubai | 8 January 2020

Botulinum toxin anti-wrinkle injections work by relaxing the facial muscles responsible for wrinkles. When used appropriately, botulinum toxin is a great solution for reducing the appearance of wrinkles around the face. In particular, it is highly effective in the lip, forehead and eye areas. I always undertake a detailed medical consultation to assess your general health and requirements. After which, if it is deemed safe and appropriate then I can offer botulinum toxin anti-wrinkle injections as a treatment.

Procedure Preparation

In preparation for botulinum toxin treatment, or any injectable procedure, bruising can be minimized by discontinuing aspirin and any medication or dietary supplement that has anticoagulant effects two weeks before treatment.

Aftercare

Patients are advised to avoid lying supine following treatment for four hours. They are also advised to avoid massaging or applying heat to the treatment area, and to avoid activities that cause flushing (such as exercising heavily, consuming alcohol, and hot tub use) on the day of treatment. 

Results and Follow-Up

Partial reduction in function of the targeted glabellar complex muscles is seen by the third day after botulinum toxin injection, with maximal reduction visible two weeks after injection. Return of muscle function is gradual, typically three to four months after treatment. Subsequent treatment is advised when muscle contraction is visible in the treatment area before facial lines return to their pretreatment appearance. After multiple treatments, botulinum toxin effects may be prolonged and, for some patients, treatment intervals can be extended beyond three to four months.

What are botulinum toxin injections used for?

Botulinum toxin injections are most commonly used for:

Frown Lines  

Lines around the eyes (crow’s feet)

Horizontal forehead lines

Nasal scrunch or squint lines

Lines on neck

Botulinum toxin is also used in small amounts in a number of other areas on the face depending on the way your muscles of facial expression work. It can raise the outer part of the eyebrow if it is sagging, lift the corners of the mouth, and help to smooth out dimpled or cobblestoned chins. Generally it is not used in the lines around the mouth, usually because it might be difficult to speak and eat. 

What is botulinum toxin?

Botulinum toxin is an injected liquid used to treat frown lines, squint and smile lines, nasal crunch lines, and horizontal forehead wrinkles. By relaxing the underlying muscles, these lines become less deep.

Botulinum toxin has been used to treat thousands of patients medically and cosmetically over 20 years. Botulinum toxin is produced in a lab by a bacterium called “Clostridium botulinum”. It has been purified under very strict controlled conditions. The Botox brand of botulinum toxin is made by Allergan, a company with a twenty-year history of making this product safely.

When injected into a small facial muscle, it doesn’t travel anywhere else in the body. It gradually wears off naturally over a 3-6 month period.  There are other forms of botulinum toxin now being produced by other companies. 

How long do the effects of botulinum toxin last?

Most patients find that the effects of botulinum toxin injections last approximately 3-6 month . Most of my patients come 3-4 times the first year and then 2-3 times a year after that. After the muscles have been relaxed for a while, it takes less to maintain that relaxation. But every patient is an individual, and there is no knowing exactly how you will respond.

How long does botulinum toxin take to work?

The effects are may be first noticed in 72 hours but it may take up to 7 days to maximize the effect. You may be asked to return after the first treatment so that I can assess your response. The first set of botulinum toxin injections may only give a partial response. This is common and complete relaxation may be noticed after the second or third treatment.

Do botulinum toxin injections hurt?

Botulinum toxin is injected with a very small needle (like an acupuncture needle), so it causes very little pain upon injection. Botulinum toxin does not cause irritation or inflammation. Occasionally, patients have noticed that there is a mild stinging sensation.

Are there any people who should not receive botulinum toxin?

Botulinum toxin injections should not be given to pregnant women, nursing mothers, or patients with neuromuscular diseases like myasthenia gravis, Lambert-Eaton syndrome, ALS (Lou Gehrig’s), or motor neuropathy should not use botulinum toxin. Patients who are allergic to human albumin (different than an egg allergy) should not use botulinum toxin. It is not recommended in pregnancy or nursing because it has not been tested.

Are there any medical side effects?

Side effects include bruising, eyebrow or eyelid droops, and a temporary headache, and rare flu-like symptoms have been reported. Many of the side effects that are listed for botulinum toxin are seen when large amounts are injected for medical purposes as opposed to the small amounts used for cosmetic purposes. Very rare allergic reactions have been reported.

Cosmetic side effects of botulinum toxin?

We’ve all seen these – and with celebrities too frequently. Basically, these problems are due to either a inexpert injector or a patient who insists on this look despite all evidence that it looks bad! With an expert, experienced doctor or nurse injecting, these potential problems should be rare or nonexistent.

Does Botox interact with other drugs?

Very rarely. It is always important to let me know if you are taking other drugs.

The First Signs of Ageing Often Show in the Neck

Plastic Surgery Dubai | 7 January 2020

The first signs of ageing often show in the neck, as the skin and muscles lose their elasticity – leading to the appearance of lines and wrinkles.

Losing a lot of weight can also have the same effect, but whatever the cause the neck is an often overlooked indicator of age. This procedure is designed to help improve the appearance of your neck.

A neck lift is a form of cosmetic surgery which aims to reshape the skin around the neck and jaw, reducing the appearance of sagging and other visible signs of ageing. A neck lift can improve the appearance of the skin, resulting in a more youthful and refreshed look.

A neck lift is generally made up of these procedures:

Loose skin that bunches around your throat – sometimes called ‘turkey wattle’ – is usually addressed through surgery to tighten skin and muscles.

As skin loses elasticity it can begin to sag, resulting in the appearance of vertical bands, lines and wrinkles. We can remove the excess skin to tighten neck muscles or use liposuction to remove excess fat or anti-wrinkle injection to get rid of the ‘banding’.

A neck lift is also sometimes performed in conjunction with a facelift. Neck lift surgery, rather than a full facelift, may be sufficient to achieve the results you desire.

The procedure

If you’re having the full neck lift procedure you will be given the option of going under a general anaesthetic, so you’ll be asleep throughout. Dr. Vigo will make a series of incisions under your chin and behind your ears to access a neck muscle called the platysma. He will use small surgical instruments to make adjustments to the muscle before tightening the skin across the whole neck area. Liposuction may also be used to remove excess fat. The whole procedure usually takes around three to four hours.

If you’re just having liposuction Dr. Vigo will make a small cut beneath your chin to remove any excess fat. This will usually take around an hour. Anti-wrinkle injections – which can relax the parts of the platysma that are responsible for banding – can be given in 15 minutes and will be done on an outpatient basis. Afterwards your neck will be wrapped in compression bandages that you will need to wear for about a week.

Effective Treatment for Eye Bags and Dark Circles

Aesthetic Medicine Dubai | 5 January 2020

These are all very common areas of concern for both men and women. Under eye circles are dark patches that are visible under the eye. Depending on cause and skin tone, these can look like shadows or discolouration that’s red, blue or green in hue. Under eye bags on the other hand, are swollen pockets or patches under the eye. Both under eye circles and bags can either occur separately or alone. They may also be caused by or exasperated by the presence of a tear trough (this is a loss of fat tissue leading to hollowness under the eye). The most common complaints people tend to have with under eye circles, bags or tear trough deformities is that they give the appearance of tiredness.

There are a number of genetic and environmental causes that give rise to under eye circles, bags and tear trough deformities. Some people are more predisposed to developing these and whether they affect other members of your family is a good indicator of your risk. Your skin tone may also play a role. Paler skin tones tend to show up blood vessels more readily and thus give the impression of bluish discolouration under the eyes. Darker skin tones may exhibit increased pigmentation in the under eye area which gives the appearance of shadowing. Aside from genetics, other common causes include:

Ageing: as we get older, the skin under the eyes loses its thickness and elasticity. This thinner and more fragile skin is more likely to show underlying muscles and blood vessels which also gives the appearance of dark circles under the eyes. Sun damage can also cause dark pigmentation under the eyes as well as accelerate skin ageing. Fat loss and reduced skin laxity can also cause under eye bags to appear more prominent. Loss of fat under the skin and skin ageing can also give rise to tear trough deformities.

Diet: deficiencies in Vitamins C and K as well as iron are thought to present with discolouration under the eyes. Diets high in salt can also increase fluid retention which can increase the prominence of under eye bags.

Sleeping: or rather lack of, can result in worsening of under eye circles and bags.

Dehydration: reduced water intake, excess caffeine and alcohol can all cause volume depletion in the skin and lack of laxity.

Sun damage and smoking:  this can cause increased pigmentation and skin ageing both of which give rise to dark under eye circles and bags.

Inflammation and allergies: this can cause puffiness, bags and under eye circles over time.

Treatment Options For Under Eye Circles, Bags & Tear Troughs?

Luckily, there are a wide range of treatment options if you suffer from under eye circles or bags. The first thing is to ensure that you have a good skincare routine which includes using an under eye cream that contains ingredients like Vitamin C, Vitamin K and ferulic acid which help with under eye circles. Another important skincare tip is to ensure that the under eye skin is kept moisturised so having hyaluronic acid in your under eye cream would help immensely.

If the problem is purely due to thin skin or pigmentation issues, then advanced skin treatments like chemical peels and collagen induction therapy can help brighten and firm up the under eye skin. For tear trough deformities and under eye bags, hyaluronic acid tear trough fillers can treat the hollowness under the eyes and rejuvenate the eye area. For more defined tear trough deformities, cheek fillers can help provide support for the tear trough fillers.